**Jeffreys, H. (1926)**

On the Formation of Water Waves from Wind, Proc. Royal Soc., London, A110, 241.

**Sieder, E.N., G.E. Tate. (1936)**

Heat transfer and pressure XE “pressure” drop of liquids in tubes, Ind. Eng. Chem, 28, 1429.

**Dumitrescu, D. T. (1943)**

Strömung an Einer Luftblase im Senkrecten Rohr (in German). Z. Angew. Math. Mech. 23, 139.

**Weinaug, C. F., Katz, D. L. (1943)**

Surface Tensions of Methane-Propane Mixtures. Ind. Eng. Chem. 35, pp. 239-246.

**Sverdrup, H. U., Munk, W. H. (1947)**

Wind, Sea and Swell

Theory of Relations for Forcasting. US NaVY Hydrographic Office Pub. No. 601.

**Davies, R. M., Taylor, G. (1950)**

The Mechanics of Large Bubbles rising through Extended Liquids and through Liquids in Tubes. The Royal Society, London, Series A, 200, No. A1062, 375-390.

**Durand, R., Condolios, E. (1952)**

Communication de R. Durand et E. Condolios, Compte Rendu des Deuxiemes Journees de L’Hydraulique. Paris, Societe Hydrotechnique de France, pp. 29–55, June.

**Baron, T., Sterling, C. S., and Schueler, A. P. (1953)**

Viscosity of Suspensions – Review and Applications of Two-Phase Flow. Proceedings 3rd Midwestern Conference Fluid Mechanics. University of Minnesota, Minneapolis 103-123.

**Durand, R. (1953)**

Basic relationships of the transportation of solids in pipes-experimental research. Proceedings of the Fifth Minneapolis International Hydraulics Convention, Minneapolis, MN, pp. 89–103.

**Hinze, J.O. (1955)**

Fundamentals of the hydrodynamics mechanisms of splitting in dispersion XE “dispersion” process. AIChE J. 1 289–295.

**Dengler, C. E., Addoms, J. N. (1956)**

Heat Transfer Mechanisms of Vaporization of Water in Vertical Tubes. Chem. Eng. Proc. Symp. Series 52, 95.

**Stepanoff, A.J. (1957)**

Centrifugal and Axial Flow Pumps. Theory, Design and Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (Book)

**Harmathy, T. Z. (1960)**

Velocity of Large Drops and Bubbles in Media of Infinite or Restricted Extent. AIChE J. 6, 281.

**Charles, M. E., Govier, G. W., Hodgson, G.W. (1961)**

The Horizontal Pipeline Flow of Equal Density Oil-Water Mixtures. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering,

**Collier, J. P., Pulling, D. J. (1962)**

Heat Transfer to Two-Phase Gas-Liquid Systems, Part II

Further Data on Steam-Water Mixtures in Liquid Dispersed Region in an Annulus. Trans. Inst. Chem. Engineers 29, 174.

**Nicklin, D. J., Wilkes, J. O., Davidson, J.F. (1962)**

Two-phase Flow in Vertical Tubes. Trans. Inst. Chem. Engineers 40, No. 1, 61.

**Wisner, P. (1965)**

On The Role of The Froude Criterion for The Study of Air Entrainment in High Velocity Flows. In

Proc. 11th IAHR Congress, Leningrad, USSR, paper 1.15 (in French).

**API RP 44 (1966)**

API Recommended Practice for Sampling Petroleum Reservoir Fluids. American Petroleum Institute.

**Rajaratnam, N. (1967)**

Hydraulic jumps. Adv. Hydrosci. 4, 197–280.

**Bridkey, R. S. (1967)**

The Phenomena of Fluid Motion. Addison-Wesley Press, Boston.

**API RP 44 (1966)**

Recommended Practice for Sampling Petroleum Reservoir Fluids. American Petroleum Institute.

**Benjamin, T. B. (1968)**

Gravity Currents and Related Phenomena. J. Fluid Mech. 31, part 2, 209.

**Sherman, P. (1968)**

Emulsion Science. Academic Press, New York.

**Wallis, G. B. (1969)**

One-Dimensional Two-Phase Flow. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc. (Book)

**Turner, R. G., Hubbard, M. G., Dukler, A. E. (1969)**

Analysis and Prediction of Minimum Flow Rate for the Continuous Removal of Liquid from Gas Wells. McGraw-Hill Book Co. Inc.

**DeGance, A. E., Atherto, R. W. (1970)**

Transferring Heat in Two-Phase Systems, Pert 3. Chem. Eng. May, 113.

**Wicks, M. (1971)**

Transport of Solids at Low Concentration in Horizontal Pipes. Advances in Solid-Liquid Flow in Pipes & Its Application, I. Zandi, ed., Pergamon Press, pp. 101–124.

**Govier, G. W., Aziz, K. (1972)**

The flow of complex mixtures in pipes. R.E. Krieger Publishing Co., Inc. Malabar, Florida. (Book)

**Soave, G. (1972)**

Equilibrium constants for a modified Redlich-Kwong XE “Redlich-Kwong” equation of state. Chem. Eng. Sci, 27, 1197-1203.

**Beggs H. D., & Brill J. P., (1973)**

A study of two-phase XE “two-phase” flow XE “two-phase flow” in inclined pipes XE “inclined pipes” . Journal of Petroleum Technology, Transactions, 25, 607-617, May 1973.

**Chisholm, D. (1973)**

Two-Phase Flow in Pipelines and Heat Exchangers. George Godwin, London and New York in association with the Institution of Chemical Engineers, New York.

**Sevik, M., Park, S.H. (1973)**

The splitting of drops and bubbles by turbulent XE “turbulent” fluid flow. Trans. ASME J. Fluids Eng. 95, 53–60.

**de Waard, C., Williams, D. E. (1975)**

Carbonic Acid Corrosion of Steel. Corrosion, 31, 177.

**Hanley, H. J. M., McCarty, R.D., Haynes, W. M. (1975)**

Equation for the Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity of the Individual Gases. Cryogenics 15, 1975, 413.

**Ishii, M. (1975)**

Thermo Fluid Dynamic Theory of Two-Phase Flow. Eyralles Press, Paris, France. (Book)

**Ishii, M., Grolmes, M.A. (1975)**

Inception criteria for droplet entrainment in two-phase XE “two-phase” concurrent film flow. AIChE J. 21, 308–318.

**Gnielinski, V. (1976)**

New Equations for Heat and Mass Transfer in Turbulent Pipe and Channel Flow. Int Chem Eng Vol. 16 p. 10.

**Henstock, W. H., Hanratty, T. J. (1976)**

The interfacial drag and the height of the wall layer in annular flows. AIChE J. 22, 990–1000.

**Mo, K. C., Gubbins, K. E. (1976)**

Conformal Solution Theory for Viscosity and Thermal Conductivity of Mixtures. Mol. Phys. 31, 825.

**Peng, D.Y. and D.B. Robinson (1976)**

A new two-constant equation of state. Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam., 15, 59-64.

**Taitel Y., & Duckler A. E., (1976)**

A Model For Predicting Flow Regime Transitions in Horizontal and Near-Horizontal Gas-Liquid Flow. AIChE Journal, 22/1, 47-55.

**Yuen, M. C., Chen, L. W. (1976)**

On Drag of Evaporating Droplets. Combust. Sci. Technol. 14, 147-54.

**Gregory, G. A., Nicholson, M. K., Aziz, K. (1978)**

Correlation of Liquid Volume Fraction int the Slug for Horizontal Gas-Liquid Slug Flow. Intl. J. Multi-phase Flow 4, 33.

**Liles, D. R., Reed, W. H. (1978)**

A Semi-implicit XE “implicit” Method for Two-phase Fluid Dynamics. J. Comput. Phys. 26:390-407.

**Peng, D. Y., Robinson, D. B. (1978)**

The Characterization of the Heptanes and Heavier Fractions for the GPA Peng-Robinson XE “Peng-Robinson” Programs., GPA Research Report RR-28, 1978.

**Chaudhry, M. H. (1979)**

Applied Hydraulic Transients. Van Nostrand Reinhold Company. (Book)

**Ishii, M., Zuber, N. (1979)**

Drag Coefficient and Relative Velocity in Bubbly, Droplet or Particular Flows. AIChE Journal, vol. 25, pp. 843-855.

**Nigmatulin R. I. (1979)**

Spatial Averaging XE “Averaging” in the Mechanics of Heterogeneous and Dispersed Systems. Int. J. Multi-phase Flow, 5, 353-385.

**Ostrof, A. G. (1979)**

Introduction to Oilfield Water Technology. Second Edition, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, Houston.

**Barnea, D., Shoham, O., Taitel, Y., Dukler, A. E. (1980)**

Flow Pattern Transition for Steady Upward Gas-Liquid Flow in Vertical Tubes. AIChE J. 26, No. 3, 345-354.

**Christensen, P. L., Fredenslund Aa. (1980)**

A Corresponding States Model for the Thermal Conductivity of Gases and Liquids. Chem. Eng. Sci. 35, p. 871.

**Oroskar, A. R., and Turian, R. M. (1980)**

The Critical Velocity in Pipeline Flow of Slurries. AIChE. J., Vol. 26, No. 4, pp. 550–558.

**Taitel, Y., Barnea, D., Dukler, A. E. (1980)**

Modelling Flow Pattern Transition for Gas-Liquid Flow in Horizontal and Inclined Pipes, Comparison of Experimental Data with Theory. Intl. J. Multi-phase Flow 6, 217.

**Burger, E. D., Perkins, T. K., and Striegler, J. H. (1981)**

Studies of Wax Deposition in the Trans Alaska Pipeline. Journal of Petroleum Technology, 33.

**Barnea, D., Shoham, O., Taitel, Y. (1982)**

Flow-Pattern Transition for Downward Inclined Two-Phase Flow; Horizontal to Vertical. Chem. Eng. Sci. 37, 735.

**Barnea, D., Shoham, O., Taitel, Y. (1982)**

Flow-Pattern Transition for Vertical Downward Two-Phase Flow. Chem. Eng. Sci. 37, 741.

**Hetsroni, G. (1982)**

Handbook of Multi-phase Systems. McGraw Hill. (Book)

**Malnes, D. (1982)**

Slug flow XE “Slug flow” in vertical, horizontal and inclined pipes XE “inclined pipes” . V. Inst. for Energy Tech., Kjeller, Norway. Report IFE/KR/E-83/002.

**Nigmatulin, B. I, Netunaev, S. B., Gorjunova, M.Z . (1982)**

Investigation of moisture entrainment processes from the liquid film XE “liquid film” surface in air–water upflow. Thermophys. High Temp. 20 (1982) 195–197.

**Shoham, O., Dukler, A. E., Taitel, Y. (1982)**

Heat Transfer during Intermittent Slug Flow in Horizontal Tubes. Ind. Eng. Chem. Fundam. 21, No. 3, 312.

**Drew D. A. (1983)**

Mathematical modeling of two-phase XE “two-phase” flows. Annual Review of Fluid Mechanics, 15, 261-291.

**Giozza, W. F. (1983)**

Simulation XE “Simulation” of Gas-Oil Separator Behavior under Slug Flow Conditions. MS Thesis, University of Tulsa, USA.

**Gnielinski, V. (1983)**

Single-Phase Convective Heat Transfer, Ch. 2. 5, section 1-1 to 2-9, Hemisphere Publishing Corporation.

**Kataoka, I., Ishii, M., Mishima, K. (1983)**

Generation and size distribution of droplets XE “droplets” in annular two-phase XE “two-phase” flow XE “two-phase flow” . Trans. ASME J. Fluids Eng. 105, 230–238.

**Salama, M. M., Venkatesh, E. S. (1983)**

Evaluation of API RP14E Erosional Velocity Limitations for Offshore Gas Wells. OTC 4484, OTC Conference, Houston, May 2 – 5, pp371 – 376.

**Streeter, V.L., Wylie, E.B., (1983)**

Fluid Transients. FEB Press. (Book)

**Vysniauskas, A., Bishnoi, P. R. (1983)**

Kinetics of Methane Hydrate Formation. Chem. Eng. Sci. 38

1061-1072

**Bendiksen, K. H., (1984)**

An Experimental Investigation of The Motion of Long Bubbles in Inclined Tubes. Intl. J. Multi-phase Flow 10, 467.

**Hirschberg, A., deJong, L. N. J., Schipper, B. A., Meijer, J. G. (1984)**

Influence of Temperature and Pressure on Asphaltene Flocculation. SPE Journal, June.

**Pedersen, K. S., Thomassen, P., Fredenslund, A. A (1984)**

Thermodynamics of Petroleum Mixtures Containing Hydrocarbons. 2. Flash and PVT Calculations with the SRK Equation of State. Ind. Eng. Chem. Proc. Des. and Dev., 23, 566-573.

**Stewart, H. B., Wendroff, B. (1984)**

Two-phase Flow

Models and Methods. J. Comput. Phys. 56:363-409.

**Asali, C., Hanratty, T. J., Andreussi, P., (1985)**

Interfacial Drag and Film Height for Vertical Annular Flow. AIChE J. 31, 895–902.

**Azzopardi, B. J. (1985)**

Drop-Sizes in Annular Two-Phase Flow. Exp. Fluids 3, 53-59.

**Barnea, D., Shoham, O., Taitel, Y., Dukler, A. E. (1985)**

Gas Liquid Flow in Inclined Tubes

Flow-Pattern Transition for Upward Flow. Chem. Eng. Sci. 40, 131.

**Mills, P., J. (1985)**

De Physique Letters. 46

L601-309.

**Vysniauskas, A. and Bishnoi, P. R. (1985)**

Kinetics of Ethane Hydrate Formation. Chem. Eng. Sci. 1985; 40

299-303.

**Oliemans, R. V. A., Pots, B. F. M., Trompe, N. (1986)**

Modeling of Annular Dispersed Two-Phase Flow in Vertical Pipes. Intl. J. Multi-phase Flow 12, No.5, 711.

**Andritsos, N., Hanratty, T. J. (1987)**

Influence of Interfacial Waves in Stratified Gas-Liquid Flow. AIChE J., 33, 444-454.

**Chancey, D. G. (1987)**

Measuring, Sampling, and Testing Crude Oil. Petroleum Engineering Handbook. Society of Petroleum Engineers.

**Englezos, P., Kalogerakis, N., Dholabhai, P. D., Bishnoi, P. R. (1987)**

Kinetics of Gas Hydrate Formation from Mixtures of Methane and Ethane. Chem. Eng. Sci. 42(11)

2659-2666

**Pedersen, K.S. and Fredenslund, A. (1987)**

An Improved Corresponding States Model for Prediction of Oil and Gas Viscosities and Thermal Conductivities. Chem. Eng. Sci., 42, 182-186, (1987).

**Kim, H. C., Bishnoi, P. R., Heidemann, R. A., Rizvi, S. S. H. (1987)**

Kinetics of Methane Hydrate Decomposition. Chem. Eng. Sci. 1987; 42 (7)

1645-1653.

**Rezkallah, K. S., Sims, G. E. (1987)**

An Examination of Correlations of Mean Heat Transfer Ceoefficients in Two-Phase and Two-Component Flow in Vertical Tubes. AIChE Symposium Series 83, 109.

**Shinogaya, T., Shinohara, T., Takemoto, M. (1987)**

Erosion of metals in high speed mist flow evaluation of velocity by acoustic emission system. International Congress on Metallic Corrosion,. Vol IV

Sessions 14-19, Madras, India, 7-11 Nov.

**Smith, P. R., Van Laan, T. J. (1987)**

Piping and Pipe Support Systems, Design and Engineering. McGraw Hill. (Book)

**Lahey Jr. R. T., Drew D. A. (1988)**

Three Dimensional Time and Volume Averaged Conservation Equations of Two-Phase Flow. Advances in Nuclear XE “Nuclear” Science Technology, 20, 1-69.

**Andreussi, P., Bendiksen, K. (1989)**

An investigation of void fraction in liquid slugs for horizontal and inclined gas–liquid pipe flow. Int. J. Multi-phase Flow 15, 937–946.

**Angelson, S., Kvernvold, O., Linglem, M. and Oslen, S. (1989)**

Long Distance Transport of Unprocessed Hydrocarbon

Sand Settling in Multi-phase Flow-lines. Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on Multi-phase Flow, Paper D2, BHRA, Nice, 1989. France.

**Arirachakaran S., Oglesby K. D., Malinowsky M. S., Shoham O., Brill J. P. (1989)**

An Analysis of Oil/Water Flow Phenomena in Horizontal Pipes. SPE Paper 18836, SPE Production Operations Symposium, pp. 155-167, Oklahoma, March 13-14.

**Brauner, N., Moalem Maron, D. (1989)**

Two-Phase Liquid-Liquid Stratified Flow. PCH Physico Chemica, Hydrodynamics 11(4):487-506.

**Ishii, M., Mishima, K. (1989)**

Droplet Entrainment Correlation in Annular Two-Phase Flow. Intl. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 32, No. 10, 1835.

**Kuznecov, Y.N. (1989)**

Heat Transfer in Problems related to Nuclear XE “Nuclear” Reactor Safety. Energoatomizdat, Moscow. (In Russian).

**Jepson, D. M., Azzopardi, B. J., Whalley, P. B. (1989)**

The Effect of Gas Properties on Drops in Annular Flow. Journal of Multi-phase Flow 15 327-339.

**Pedersen, K. S., Fredenslund, Aa., Thomassen, P. (1989)**

Properties of Oils and Natural Gases. Gulf Publishing Inc., Houston.

**Scott, S. L., Shoham, O., Brill, J. P. (1989)**

Prediction of Slug Length in Horizontal Large-Diameter Pipes. SPEPE Aug., 335.

**Burke, N. E., Hobbs, R. E., Kashou, S. (1990)**

Measurement and Modeling of Asphaltene Precipitation. JPT, Nov.

**Hewitt , G. F., Govan, A. H. (1990)**

Phenomenological modeling of non-equilibrium flows with phase change. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 33, 229–242.

**Mao, Z. S., and Dukler, A. E. (1990)**

The Motion of Taylor-bubbles in Vertical Tubes. A Numerical Simulation XE “Simulation” for the Shape and Rise Velocity of Taylor-bubbles in Stagnant and Flowing Liquid. J. Computational Physics, 91, 132-160.

**McCain, W. D. (1990)**

Petroleum Fluids. PennWell Publishing Company. (Book)

**Nessyahu, H., Tadmor, E. (1990)**

Non-oscillatory Central Differencing for Hyperbolic Conservation Laws, Journal of Comput. Phys. 87, 408.

**Lotz, U. (1990)**

Velocity Effects in Flow Induced Corrosion. Proceedings of Symposium on Flow-Induced Corrosion; NACE, Houston, USA.

**Sarica, C., Shoham, O., Brill, J. P. (1990)**

A New Approach for Finger Slug Catcher Design. Offshore Technology Conference, Houstojn, May.

**Taital, Y., Barnea, D. (1990)**

Two-Phase Slug Flow. Advances in Heat Transfer, Vol. 20,Academic Press Inc., San Diego, CA, 83-132.

**Ambrosini, W., Andreussi, P., Azzopardi, B. J. (1991)**

A physically based correlation for drop size in annular flow XE “annular flow” . Int. J. Multi-phase Flow 17, 497–507.

**Bendiksen, K. H., Malnes, D., Moe, R., Nuland, S. (1991)**

The Dynamic Two-Fluid Model XE “Two-Fluid Model” OLGA XE “OLGA”

Theory and Application. SPE Production Engineering, 6, 171-80.

**de Waard, C., Lotz, U., and Milliams, D. E. (1991)**

Predictive Model for CO2 Corrosion Engineering in Wet Natural Gas Pipelines. Corrosion, 47, 750.

**Nigmatulin, R. I. (1991)**

Dynamics of Multi-phase. Media, Hemisphere, New York.

**Nydal, O.J., Andreussi, P. (1991)**

Gas entrainment in a long liquid slug XE “slug” advancing in a near horizontal pipe. Int. J. Multi-phase Flow 17, 179–189.

**Schiller, R. E., and P. E. Herbich (1991)**

Sediment transport in pipes. Handbook of Dredging, Edited by P. E. Herbich. New York

McGraw-Hill.

**Schramm, L. L. (1992)**

Emulsions Fundamentals and Applications in the Petroleum Industry. Advances in Applications in the Petroleum Industry, Advances in Chemistry. Series 231, American Chemical Society.

**Andreussi, P., Bendiksen, K., Nydal, O. J. (1993)**

Void Distribution in Slug Flow. J. of Multi-phase Flow 19, 817-828.

**Averick, B. M., More, J. J., Bischof, C. H., Carle, A., Griewank, A. (1993)**

Computing Large-Sparse Jacobian Matrices Using Automatic Differentiation. Center for Research on Parallell Computing, Rice University, Houston. CRPC-TR93362.

**de Waard, C., and Lotz, U. (1993)**

Prediction of CO2 Corrosion of Carbon Steel. Corrosion, paper No. 69, NACE International.

**Mahaffy, J. H. (1993)**

Numerics of Codes

Stability, Diffusion and Convergence. Nucl. Eng. Dec. 1945:131-145.

**Oudeman, P. (1993)**

Sand Transport and Deposition in Horizontal Multi-phase Trunklines of Sub-sea Satellite Developments. SPE 25142.

**Svedeman, S. J., Arnold, K. E. (1993)**

Criteria for sizing multi-phase XE “multi-phase” flow lines for erosive/corrosive service. SPE 26569, 68th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Petroleum Engineers, Houston, Texas, 3-6 Oct.

**Colella, P., Puckett, E. G. (1994)**

Modern Numerical Methods for Fluid Flow. University of California, Berkeley.

**Pauchon C., Dhulesia H., Binh Cirlot G., and Fabre J., (1994)**

TACITE

A Transient Tool for Multi-phase Pipeline and Well Simulation XE “Simulation” , SPE 28545, SPE Annual Technical Conference, New Orleans, LA, USA.

**Zheng, G., Brill, J., Taitel, Y. (1994)**

Slug Flow Behavior in a Hilly Terrain Pipeline. Int. J. Multi-phase Flow, Vol. 20, No.1, pp. 63-79.

**Dayalan, E., Vani, G., Shadley, J. R., Shirazi, S. A., and Rybicki, E. F. (1995)**

Modeling CO2 Corrosion of Carbon Steels. Corrosion, paper No. 118, NACE International.

**De Henau V. and Raithby G.D. (1995)**

A transient XE “transient” two-fluid model for the simulation of slug XE “slug” flow in pipelines, 1-Theory. Int. J. Multi-phase Flow, 21, 335–349.

**de Waard, C., Lotz, U., and Dugstad, A. (1995)**

Influence of Liquid Flow Velocity on CO2 corrosion XE “corrosion”

A Semi-empirical XE “empirical” Model. Corrosion, Paper No.128, NACE International.

**Frisch, U. (1995)**

Turbulence. The Legacy of A. N. Kolmogorov. Cambridge University Press.

**Manolis, I.G. (1995)**

High Pressure Gas–Liquid Slug Flow. Imperial College, London, UK. (PhD Thesis)

**Nesic, N., Wilhelmsen, W., Skjerve, S., Hesjevik, S. M. (1995)**

Testing of Inhibitors for CO2 Corrosion using the Electrochemical techniques. Proceedings of the 8th European Symposium on Corrosion Inhibitors, Ann. Univ. Ferrara, N. S., Sez. V, Suppl. N. 10.

**Pots, B. F. M. (1995)**

Mechanistic Models for the Prediction of CO2 Corrosion Rates under Multi-phase Flow Conditions. Corrosion, paper No. 137, NACE International, 1995.

**Thomas, J. W. (1995)**

Numerical Partial Differential Equations. Springer, Berlin. (Book)

**Tomiyama, A., Kataoka, I., Fukuda, T., Sakaguchi, T. (1995)**

Drag Coefficient of Bubbles. 2nd Report, Drag Coefficient for a Swarm of Bubbles and its Applicability to Transient Flow. Trans. Jpn. Soc. Mech. Eng. B, 46–53.

**Adams, C.D., Garber, J.D. Singh R.K. (1996)**

Computer Modeling to Predict Corrosion Rates in Gas Condensate XE “Condensate” Wells Containing CO2. Corrosion paper No

31, NACE International.

**Barnea D., & Taitel Y., (1996)**

Stratified three-phase XE “three-phase” flow in pipes – Stability and transition XE “transition” . Chemical Engineering Communication, Vols. 141-142, 443-460.

**Bendiksen, K. H., Malnes, D., Nydal, O. J. (1996)**

On the Modeling of Slug Flow.

**Chem. eng. com. 141**

71-102.

**Chanson, H. (1996)**

Air Bubble Entrainment in Free-surface Turbulent Shear Flow. Academic Press.

**Dennis, J. E., R. B. Schnabel, R. B. (1996)**

Numerical Methods for Unconstrained Optimization and Nonlinear Equations. SIAM, Philadelphia, PA.

**Gunaltun, Y. M. (1996)**

Combine Research and Field Data for Corrosion Rate Prediction. Corrosion, paper No. 27, NACE International.

**Nigmatulin, R. I. , Nigmatulin, B. I., Khodzhaev, Y. D., Kroshilin, V. E. (1996)**

Entrainment and deposition rates in a dispersed film flow. Int. J. Multi-phase Flow 22, 19–30.

**Nydal, O. J., Banerjee, S. (1996)**

Dynamic slug XE “slug” tracking simulations for gas-liquid XE “gas-liquid” flow in pipelines. Chem. Eng. Commun. 141—142, 13—39.

**Shampine, L. F., Hosea, M.E. (1996)**

Analysis and implementation of TR-BDF2 XE “TR-BDF2″ . Applied Numerical Mathematics 20, 21-37.

**Viviand H. (1996)**

Modèle simplifié d’écoulement dans les conduites pétrolières. Technical Report RSY, 43 069 02, Principia, France.

**Patault S., Tran, Q.H. (1996)**

Modèle et schéma numérique du code TACITE-NPW. Technical Report 42415, Institut Français du Pétrole, France.

**Azzopardi, B.J. (1997)**

Drops in annular two-phase XE “two-phase” flow XE “two-phase flow” . Int. J. Multi-phase Flow 23 (Suppl.), 1–53.

**Clarke, A., Issa, R. I. (1997)**

Numerical Model of Slug Flow in Vertical Tubes. Computers & Fluids, 26 (4), 395-415.

**Crowe. C.T. (1997)**

Multi-phase Flows with Droplets and Particles. CRC. (Book)

**Gillies, R. G., Mckibben, M. J. and Shook, C. (1997)**

Pipeline flow of gas, liquid and sand XE “sand” mixture XE “mixture” at low velocity. J. Canadian. Petroleum Technology, 36, 36-42.

**Hanratty, T. J., Dykhno, L.A. (1997)**

Physical Issues in Analyzing Gas-Liquid Annular Flows. Proceedings of the 4th World Conference on Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics. Brussels, vol. 2.

**Jangama, V. R. and Srinivasan, S. (1997)**

A Computer Model for Prediction of Corrosion of Carbon Steels. Corrosion paper No. 318, NACE International.

**Jepson, W. P., Stitzel, S., Kang, C., and Gopal, M. (1997)**

Model for Sweet Corrosion in Horizontal Multi-phase Slug Flow. Corrosion, paper No. 11, NACE International.

**Kawaji, M., DeJesus, J. M., Tudose, G. (1997)**

Investigation of Flow Structures in Vertical Slug Flow. Nuclear XE “Nuclear” Enginering and Design,” 175, 37-48.

**Spedding, P.L., Hand, N.P. (1997)**

Prediction in stratified gas–liquid co-current flow in horizontal pipelines. Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 40, 1923–1935.

**Trallero, J. L., Sarica, C., Brill J. P. (1997)**

A Study of Oil/Water Flow Patterns in Horizontal Pipes. SPE Production & Facilities, August.

**Valle A., Utvik O. H. (1997)**

Pressure Drop, Flow Pattern and Slip XE “Slip” for Two-Phase Crude Oil/Water Flow

Experiments and Model Predictions. International Symposium on Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow and Transport Phenomena, ICHMT, Antalya, Turkey.

**Zhang, R., Gopal, M., and Jepson, W. P. (1997)**

Development of a Mechanistic Model for Predicting Corrosion Rate in Multi-phase Oil/Water Flows, Corrosion paper No 601, NACE International.

**Cortes J, Debussche A, Toumi I. (1998)**

A Density Perturbation Method to study the Eigenstructure of Two-Phase Flow Equation Systems. J Comput Phys 1998;147:463–84.

**Danesh, A. (1998)**

PVT and Phase Behaviour of Petroleum Reservoir Fluids. Elsevier Science & Technology Books. (Book)

**Fossa, M., Pisoni, C., Tagliafico, L. A. (1998)**

Experimental and theoretical results on upward annular flows in thermal non-equilibrium. Exp. Therm. Fluid Sci. 16, 220–229.

**Fukano, T., Furukawa, T. (1998)**

Prediction of the effects of liquid viscosity XE “viscosity” on interfacial shear stress and frictional pressure XE “pressure” drop in vertical upward gas–liquid annular flow XE “annular flow” . Int. J. Multi-phase Flow 24, 587–603.

**Lopez de Bertodano, M.A., Assad, A. (1998)**

Entrainment rate of droplets XE “droplets” in the ripple-annular regime for small vertical ducts. Nucl. Sci. Eng. 129, 72–80.

**Masella, J. M., Tran, Q. H., Ferre, D., Pauchon, P. (1998)**

Transient Simulation XE “Simulation” of Two-Phase Flows in Pipes. Institut Français du Pétrole, France.

**Nyborg, R., Nordsveen, M., Stangeland, A. (1998)**

Kjeller Sweet Corrosion V, Final Report. Institute for Energy Technology, No. 75.

**High, M. S., Wagner, J., and Natarajan, S. (2000)**

Mechanistic Modeling of Mass Transfer in the Laminar Sublayer in Downhole Systems. Corrosion, paper No. 62, NACE International.

**Ouyang, L.-B. (1998)**

Single Phase and Multi-phase Fluid Flow in Horizontal Wells.

**Stanford University, Stanford, CA. (PhD Thesis)**

**Salama, M. M. (1998)**

An Alternative to API 14E Erosional Velocity Limits for Sand Laden Fuids. OTC 8898, OTC Conference, Houston, May 4 – 7 1998, pp721 –733.

**Sloan, E. D (1998)**

Clathrate Hydrates of Natural Gases. 2nd edition, NY

Marcel Dekker.

**Zaichik, L. I. (1998)**

Estimation of time between particle collisions in turbulent XE “turbulent” flow. High Temperature, vol 36 no 3 (translation from Russian).

**Zaichik, L. I. (1998)**

Transport and Deposition of Inertial Particles in Trubulent Pipe Flow. ERCOFTAC Bull. 36, 16-19.

**Zaichik, L. I., Nigmatulin, B. I., Alipchenkov, V. M. (1998)**

Droplet Deposition and Film Atomization in Gas-Liquid Annular Flow. Third International Conference on Multi-phase Flow, Lyon, France.

**Biberg, D (1999)**

An Explicit Approximation for The Wetted Angle in Two-Phase Stratified Pipe Flow. The Canadian Journal of Chemical Engineering, vol. 77, pp 1221-1224

**Brill, J. P., Mukherjee, H. (1999)**

Multi-phase Flow in Wells. Henry L. Doherty Memorial Fund of AIME, Society of Petroleum Engineers. (Book)

**Kim, D., Ghajar, A.J., Dougherty, R.L., and Ryali, V.K. (1999)**

Comparison of 20 Two-Phase Heat Transfer Correlations with Seven Sets of Experimental Data, Including Flow Pattern and Tube Inclination Effects. Heat Transfer Engineering, vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 15–40.

**Levy, S. (1999)**

Two-Phase Flow in Complex Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (Book)

**Soleimani A. (1999)**

Phase Distribution and Associated Phenomena in Oil-Water Flows in Horizontal Tubes. Imperial College, University of London. (PhD Thesis)

**Toro, E. F. (1999)**

Riemann Solvers and Numerical Methods for Fluid Dynamics. A practical Introduction. Springer Verlag. (Book)

**Zaichik, L. I., Alipchenkov, V. M. (1999)**

Interaction time of turbulent XE “turbulent” eddies and colliding particles. Thermophys. Aeromech. 6, 493–501.

**Zaichik, L. I., Nigmatulin, B. I., Alipchenkov, V. M. (1999)**

Droplet entrainment in vertical gas–liquid annular flow XE “annular flow” . Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on Two- Phase Flow Modelling and Experimentation, Rome, vol. 2.

**Baker Jardine (2000)**

PIPESIM 2000 User Guide.

**Ahmed, T. (2000)**

Reservoir Engineering Handbook. Gulf Professional Publishing. (Book)

**Azzopardi, B. J., Zaidi, S. H. (2000)**

Determination of Entrained Fraction in Vertical Annular Gas/Liquid Flow. Trans. of ASME Journal of Fluids Eng., Vol. 122, March 2000.

**Bouchut F, Brenier Y, Cortes J, Ripoll J. F. (2000)**

A hierarchy of models for two-phase XE “two-phase” flows. J Nonlinear Science 10:639–60.

**Fore, L. B., Beus, S. G., Bauer, R. C. (2000)**

Interfacial friction XE “friction” in gas–liquid annular flow XE “annular flow”

analogies to full and transition XE “transition” roughness XE “roughness” . Int. J. Multi-phase Flow 26, 1755–1769.

**Gunaltun, Y. M., Larrey, D., (2000)**

Correlation of Cases of Top Of Line Corrosion with Calculated Water Condensation Rates. Corrosion paper No. 71, NACE International.

**High, M. S., Wagner, J., and Natarajan, S. (2000)**

Mechanistic Modeling of Mass Transfer in the Laminar Sublayer in Downhole Systems. Corrosion, paper No. 62, NACE International.

**Kurganov, A., Tadmor, E. (2000)**

New High-Resolution Central Schemes for Nonlinear Conservation Laws and Convection-Diffusion Equations, Journal of Comp. Phys., 160, 214–282.

**Matthews, P. N., Notz, P. K., Widender, M. W., Prukop G. (2000)**

Flow Loop Experiments Determine Hydrate Plugging Tendencies in the Field. Annals of New York Academy of Science. 330-338

**Nyborg, R., Anderson, P., and Nordsveen, M. (2000)**

Implementation of CO2 Corrosion Models in a Three-Phase Fluid Flow Model. Corrosion paper No. 48 (Houston, TX

NACE International, 2000)

**Revie, R. W. (2000)**

UHLIG’s Corrosion Handbook. John Wiley & Sons. (Book)

**Salama, M. M. (2000)**

Sand Production Management. Journal of Energy Resources, Vol. 122, 29-33, March.

**Yeo, L.Y., Mater, O.K., Perez de Ortiz, E.S., Hewitt, G.F. (2000)**

Phase inversion XE “inversion” and associated phenomena. Multi-phase Science & Technology, 12:51-116.

**Zabaras, G. J. (2000)**

Prediction of Slug Frequency for Gas-Liquid Flows. SPEJ, Sept, 252.

**Groffe, D., Groffe, P., Takhar, S., Andersen, S.I., Stenby, E.H., Lindeloff, N., Lundgren, M. (2001)**

A Wax Inhibition Solution to Problematic Fields

A Chemical Remediation Process. Petroleum Science and Technology, Vol. 19, Nos. 1 & 2.

**Hedges, B., Paisley, D., Wollam, R. (2001)**

The corrosion XE “corrosion” inhibitor availability model. NACE.

**Hernandez, S., Duplat, S., Vera, J. Baron, E. (2001)**

A Statistical Approach for analyzing The Inhibiting Effect of Different Types of Crude Oil in CO2 Corrosion of Carbon Steel. Corrosion No. 293, NACE International.

**King, M. J. J., Fairhurst, C. P. and Hill, T. J. (2001)**

Solids transport in multi-phase XE “multi-phase” flows

applications to high viscosity XE “viscosity” systems. Journal of Energy Resources, 123, 200-204, Sept.

**Marchino, P. (2001)**

Best practice in sand XE “sand” production prediction. Sand control & Management, London, 15- 16 Oct.

**Mendez, C., Duplat, S., Hernandez, S., Vera, J. (2001)**

On the Mechanism of Corrosion Inhibition by Crude Oils. Corrosion paper no. 44, NACE International.

**Mork, M., Gudmundsson, J. S. (2001)**

Rate of Hydrate Formation in Subsea Pipelines. 12th Int. Oil Field Chemistry Symposium, Geilo, Norway.

**Rosario, F. F., Bezerra, M. C. (2001)**

Scale Potential of a DeepWater Field –Water Characterisation and Scaling Assessment. SPE 3rd International Symposium on Oilfield Scale, Aberdeen.

**Stevenson, P. (2001)**

Particle transport in pipes by two-phase XE “two-phase” flows. University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. (PhD Thesis)

**Stosic, Z. V., Stevanovic, V. D. (2001)**

A Comparative Analysis of Bubbly Flow Void Fraction based on Different Approaches for Interfacial Drag Force. 5th World Conference on Experimental Heat Transfer, Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics, Thessaloniki, Greece, Sept. 24-28.

**Zaichik, L. I., Alipchenkov, V. M. (2001)**

A statistical model for transport and deposition of high-inertia colliding particles in turbulent XE “turbulent” flow. Int. J. Heat Fluid Flow 22, 365– 371.

**Abulnaga, B. (2002)**

Slurry Systems Handbook. McGraw Hill. (Book)

**Anglart, H., Podowski, M. Z. (2002)**

Fluid Mechanics of Taylor-bubbles and Slug Flows in Vertical Channels. Nuclear XE “Nuclear” Science and Engineering, 140, 165-171.

**Brauner, N., Ullmann, A. (2002)**

Modeling of Phase Inversion Phenomenon in Two-Phase Pipe Flow. International Journal Multi-phase Flow 28, 1177-1204.

**Camargo, R., Palermo, T. (2002)**

Flow Properties of Hydrate Suspensions in Asphaltenic Crude Oil. Proc. 4th Intnl. Hydrates Conf., Yokohama. 880-885.

**Cournil, M., Herri, J. M. (2002)**

Asymptotic Modelling of Crystallization in Two Layers Systems. Application to Methane Hydrate Formation in Batch Reactor. Proc. 4th Intnl. Hydrates Conf., Yokohama. 819-824

**Hasan, A. R., Kabir C. S. (2002)**

Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer in Wellbores. Society of Petroleum Engineers. (Book)

**Frankel, M. (1996, 2002)**

Facility Piping Systems Handbook. Second Edition, McGraw-Hill.

**LeVeque, R. J. (2002)**

Finite Volume Methods for Hyperbolic Problems. Cambridge University Press. (Book)

**Stevenson, P. and Thorpe, R. B. (2002)**

Method calculates sand XE “sand” velocity, hold-up in flow-lines XE “flow-line” . Oil and Gas Journal, 100 (30), 47-50.

**Stevenson, P., Thorpe, R.B. and Davidson, J.F., (2002)**

Incipient motion of a small particle in the viscous boundary-layer at a pipe wall. Chemical Engineering Science, 57, 4505-4520.

**Stevenson, P. and Thorpe, R.B., (2002)**

The velocity of isolated particles along a pipe in smooth stratified gas – liquid flow. AIChE. Journal, 48, 963-969.

**Wang, H., Cai, J., Jepson, W. P. (2002)**

CO2 Corrosion Mechanistic Modelling and Prediction in Horizontal Slug Flow. Corrosion, paper No. 02238, NACE International.

**Bagchi, P., Balachandar, S. (2003)**

Effect of Turbulence on Drag and Lift of a Particle. Physics of Fluids, Vol. 15, No. 11.

**Barton, N. A. (2003)**

Erosion in Elbows in Hydrocarbon Production Systems

Review document. TÜV NEL Limited, report 115.

**Bonizzi, M., Issa, R. I. (2003)**

A Model for simulating Gas Bubble Entrainment in Two-Phase Horizontal Slug Flow. J. of Multi-phase Flow 29 1685-1717.

**Bonizzi, M., Issa, R. I. (2003)**

On the simulation of three-phase XE “three-phase” slug XE “slug” flow in nearly horizontal pipes XE “horizontal pipes” using the multi-fluid model. J. of Multi-phase Flow 29 1719-1747.

**Brauner, N. (2003)**

Liquid-Liquid Two-Phase Flow Systems. School of Engineering, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.

**Cai, J., Nesic, S., de Waard, C.. (2003)**

Modelling of Water Wetting in Oil-Water Pipe Flow. Corrosion, paper No. 663, NACE International.

**CO-LaN Consortium (2003)**

Documents 1.0 Documentation Set (freely available from colan.org).

**Daniels L. C., Guardino C., and Thompson C. P. (2003)**

An Implicit Two-Phase Compressible Flow Solver For Pipelines. Multi-phase Science and Technology, 21 (3), 335-349.

**Gaard, S., Isaksen, O.T. (2003)**

Experiments with Different Drag-Reducing Additives in Turbulent Flow in Dense Phase Gas Pipelines. PSIG 03B3, Pipeline Simulation XE “Simulation” Interest Group.

**Hernandez, S., Bruzal, J., Lopez-Linares, F., Luzon, J. (2003)**

Isolation of Potential Corrosion Inhibiting Compounds in Crude Oils. Corrosion paper No. 330, NACE International.

**Imsland, L., Eikrem, G. O., Foss, B. (2003)**

State Feedback Control of a Class of Positive Systems

Application to Gas Lift Control. ECC 03, Cambridge, UK.

**Imsland, L., Eikrem, G. O., Foss, B. (2003)**

Stabilization of gas lifted oil wells without downhole measurements. Adchem 2003.

**Issa, R. I., and Kempf, M. H. W. (2003)**

Simulation XE “Simulation” of Slug Flow in Horizontal and Nearly Horizontal Pipes with the Two-Fluid Model XE “Two-Fluid Model” . International Journal of Multi-phase Flow, 29, 69.

**Kelley, C. T. (2003)**

Solving Nonlinear Equations with Newton’s Method. Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

**Naterer, G. F. (2003)**

Heat Transfer in Single and Multi-phase Systems. CRC Press. (Book)

**Nesic, S, Lee, A. (2003)**

A Mechanistic Model for CO2 Corrosion of Mild Steel in the presence of Protective Iron Carbonate Scales XE “Scales” – Part O

Scale Growth Model. Corrosion 59, 616.

**Scott, S. L., Barrufet, M. A. (2003)**

Worldwide Assessment of Industry Leak Detection Capabilities for Single & Multi-phase Pipelines. Texas A&M University, Department of Petroleum Engineering.

**Van der Vorst, H. A. (2003)**

Iterative Krylov Methods for Large Linear Systems. Cambridge University Press. (Book)

**Vitse, F., Nesic, S., Gunaltun, Y., Larrey de Torreben, D., Dunchet-Suschau, P. (2003)**

Mechanistic Model for the prediction of Top-Of-The-Line Corrosion Risk. Corrosion No. 59, 1075.

**Wang, K. S., Wu, C. H., Creek, J. F., Shuler, P. J., and Tang, Y. C. (2003)**

Evaluation of Effects of Selected Wax Inhibitors on Paraffin Deposition. Petroleum Science and Technology, Vol. 21, Nos. 3 & 4.

**Worner, M. (2003)**

A Compact Introduction to the Numerical Modeling of Multi-phase Flows. Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe in der Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft, FZKA 6932.

**Yang, S., Kleehammer, D. M., Huo, Z., Sloan, E. D., Miller, K. T. (2003)**

Micromechanical Measurements of Hydrate Particle Attractive Forces. Colorado School of Mines, USA.

**Yuan, M., Williamson, D.A., Smith, J. K., Lopez, T. H. (2003)**

Effective Control of Exotic Mineral Scales XE “Scales” Under Harsh System Conditions. SPE International Symposium on Oilfield Chemistry, Houston.

**Zaichik, L. I., Alipchenkov, V. M. (2003)**

Pair dispersion XE “dispersion” and preferential concentration of particles in isotropic turbulence XE “turbulence” . Phys. Fluids 15, 1776–1787.

**Zaichik, L. I., Simonin, O., Alipchenkov, V. M. (2003)**

Two statistical models for predicting collision rates of inertial particles in homogeneous isotropic turbulence XE “turbulence” . Phys. Fluids 15, 2995–3005.

**Alipchenkov, V.M. , Nigmatulin, R.I., Soloviev, S.L., Stonik, O. G., Zaichi, L. I., Zeigarnik, Y. A., (2004)**

A three-fluid model of two-phase XE “two-phase” dispersed-annular flow XE “annular flow” . International J. of Heat and Mass Transfer 47, 5323–5338.

**Eikrem, G. O., Imsland, L., Foss, B. (2004)**

Stabilization of Gaslifted Wells based on State Estimation. The International Federation of Automation Control (IFAC).

**Ellul, I.R., Saether, G., Shippen, M.E. Goodreau, M.J. (2004)**

The Modelling of Multi-phase Systems under Steady-State and Transient Conditions – A Tutorial. Pipeline Simulation XE “Simulation” Interest Group PSIG 0403.

**Knoll, D. A., Keyes, D. E. (2004)**

Jacobian-free Newton–Krylov methods

a survey of approaches and applications. J. of Computational Physics 193, 357–397.

**Omgba-Essama, C. (2004)**

Numerical Modeling of Transient Gas-Liquid Flows, Application to Stratified & Slug Flow Regimes. Cranfield University, School of Engineering. (PhD Thesis)

**Poling, B. E., Prausnitz, J. M. O’Connel, P. O. (2004)**

The Properties of Gases and Liquids. Fifth Edition Connell McGraw-Hill (Book)

**Quayle, O. R. (1953)**

The Parachors of Organic Compounds. An Interpretation and Catalogue. Chem. Rev. 53

439.

**Sinquin, A., Palermo, T., Peysson, Y. (2004)**

Rheological and Flow Properties of Gas Hydrate Suspensions. Oil & Gas Science and Technology – Rev. IFP, Vol. 59 No. 1, pp. 41-57.

**Shea, R., Eidsmoen, H., Nordsveen, M., Rasmussen, J. Xu, Z., Nossen, J. (2004)**

Frequency Prediction Method Comparison. BHRG Multi-phase Production Technology Proceedings, Bannf, Canada.

**Society of Petroleum Engineers (2004)**

Offshore Multi-phase Production Operations – 1. SPE Reprint series No. 58.

**Brennen, C. E. (2005)**

Fundamentals of Multi-phase Flow. Cambridge University Press. (Book)

**Corneliussen, S., Couput, J. P, Dahl, E., Dykesteen, E., Frøysa, K. E., Malde, E., Moestue, H., Moksnes, P. O., Scheers, L., Tunheim, H. (2005)**

Handbook of Multi-phase Flow Metering. Norwegian Society for Oil and Gas Measurement. (Book)

**Evje, S., Flåtten, T. (2005)**

A family of Central Schemes for Nonlinear Hyperbolic Conservation Laws. RF-Rogaland Research, Stavanger, Norway, and Centre of Mathematics for Applications, Oslo, Norway.

**Ghajar, A. J. (2005)**

Non-Boiling Heat Transfer in Gas-Liquid Flow in Pipes – a tutorial. J. of the Braz. Soc. Of Mech. Sci. & Eng. Vol IIVII, No. 1 Jan.-March.

**Godhavn, J. M., Strand, S., Skofteland, G. (2005)**

Increased Oil Production by Advanced Control ff Receiving Facilities. The International Federation of Automation Control (IFAC).

**Guo, B., Song, S., Chacko, J., Ghalambor, A. (2005)**

Offshore Pipelines. Elsevier. (Book)

**Han, H. (2005)**

A Study of Entrainment in Two-phase Upward Cocurrent Annular Flow in A Vertical Tube. University of Saskatchewan, Department of Mechanical Engineering. (PhD Theses, part of)

**Invensys/Simsci-Esscor (2005)**

PIPEPHASE 9.0 Keyword Manual.

**Invensys/Simsci-Esscor (2005)**

Tacite 4.1 User’s Guide.

**Kolev, N. I. (2005)**

Multi-phase Flow Dynamics 1. Fundamentals. Springer, 2002, 2005. (Book)

**Kolev, N. I. (2005)**

Multi-phase Flow Dynamics 2. Thermal and Mechanical Interactions. Springer, 2002, 2005. (Book)

**Kolev, N. I. (2005)**

Multi-phase Flow Dynamics 3. Turbulence, Gas Absorption and Release, Diesel Fuel Properties. Springer, 2002, 2005, 2007. (Book)

**Liu, H. (2005)**

Pipeline Engineering. Lewis Publishers. (Book)

**Mandil, C. (2005)**

Oil & Gas Technologies for the Energy Markets of the Future. Resources to Reserves. International Energy Agancy. OECD/IEA.

**Norwegian Technology Standards Institution (1998, 2005)**

CO2 Corrosion Rate Calculation Model. NORSOK Standard No. M-506, available at www.standard.no/petroleum (free to download at the time of this writing).

**Rodrigues, O. M. H., Oliemans, R. V. A. (2005)**

Experimental Study on Oil-Water Flow in Horizontal and Slightly Inclines Pipes. J. Multi-phase Flow 32 (2006) 323-343.

**Sloan, E. D. (2005)**

A Changing Hydrate Paradigm – From Apprehension to Avoidance to Risk Management. Fluid Multi-phase Equilibria 228-229, 67-74.

**Turner, D., Yang, S., Boxall, J., Kleehamer, D., Koh, C., Miller, K., Slaon, E. D., Xu, Z., Matthews, P., Talley, L. D. (2005)**

Development of a Hydrate Kinetic Model and its Incormporation Into the OLGA2000 Transient Mulit-Phase Flow Simulator.5th International Conf. on Gas Hydrates, Trondheim, Norway, p.1231-1240.

**Wegmann, A. (2005)**

Multi-phase Flows in Small Scale Pipes. Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Zurich. (PhD Thesis)

**Crowe, C.T. (2006)**

Multi-phase Flow Handbook. CRC. (Book)

**Erian, F. F., Pease, L. F. (2006)**

Three-phase Flow in a Vertical Pipe. Int. J. of Multi-phase Flow 33, 498-509.

**Ghajar, A., Kim, J., Tang, C. (2006)**

Two-Phase Flow Heat Transfer Measurement and Correlation for the Entire Flow Map in Horizontal Pipes. School of Mech. & Aerospace Eng., Oklahoma State Univ.

**Hemptinne, J. C., Behar, E. (2006)**

Thermodynamic Modeling of Petroleum Fluids. Oil & Gas Science and Technology – Rev. IFP, Vol. 61 (2006), No. 3, pp. 303-317

**Ishii, M., Hibiki, T. (2006)**

Thermo-Fluid Dynamics of Two-Phase Flow. Springer. (Book)

**Issa, R. I., Bonizzi, M., Barbeau, S. (2006)**

Improved Closure Models for Gas Entrainment and Interfacial Shear for Slug Flow Modelling in Horizontal Pipes. Int. J. of Multi-phase Flow 32, 1287-1293.

**Jassim, E. W., Newell, T. A., Chato, J. C. (2006)**

Probabilistic Flow Regime Map Modelling of Two-Phase Flow. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.

**Kassab, S. Z., Kandil, H. A., Warda, H. A., Ahmed, W. H. (2006)**

Experimental and Analytical Investigations of Airlift Pumps Operating in Three-Phase Flow. Chemical Eng. J. 131, 273-281.

**Moran, M.J., Shapiro, H.N. (2006)**

Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics, John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

**Shoham, O. (2006)**

Mechanistic Modeling of Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow in Pipes. Society of Petroleum Engineers. (Book)

**Tordal, A. (2006)**

Pigging of Pipelines with High Wax Content. Pigging Products & Services Association, Aberdeen, UK.

**Wilson, K. C., Addie, G. R., Sellgren, A., Clift, R. (2006)**

Slurry Transport using Centrifugal Pumps. Springer. (Book)

**Zhang, H. Q., Sarica, C. (2006)**

Unified Modeling of Gas/Oil/Water-Pipe Flow – Basic Approaches and Preliminary Validation. 2005 SPE Annual Technical Conference & Exhibition, Dallas. Revised 2006.

**Aarvik, A., Olsen, I., Vannes, K., Havre, K., Krogh, E., C. (2007)**

Design and development of hte Ormen Lange XE “Ormen Lange” flow assurance simulator. 13th International Conference on Multi-phase Production technology, p.47-64.

**Danielson, T. J. (2007)**

Sand transport in multi-phase XE “multi-phase” pipelines. Proceedings of the Offshore Technology Conference, Houston, USA, OTC 18691.

**Geracia, G., Azzopardia, B. J., van Maanen, H.R.E., (2007)**

Effect of inclination on circumferential film thickness variation in annular gas/liquid flow. Chemical Engineering Science 62, 3032 – 3042.

**Kjolaas, J. (2007)**

Plug Propagation in Multi-phase Pipelines. NTNU Theses 2007:140. (PhD Thesis)

**Lapiga, E. J., Sinaiski, E. G. (2007)**

Separation of Multi-phase, Multi-component Systems. Wiley-VCH. (Book)

**Neotechnology Consultants Ltd. (2007)**

PIPEFLO7 Help and FORGAS / FOROIL User Manual.

**Nesic, S. (2007)**

Key Issues related to Modelling of Internal Corrosion of Oil and Gas Pipelines. Corrosions Science 49, 4308-4338.

**Peker, S. M., Helvaci, S. S. (2007)**

Liquid-solid Two Phase Flow. Elsevier. (Book)

**Pourafshary, P. (2007)**

A Coupled Wellbore/Reservoir Simulator to Model Multi-phase Flow and Temperature Distribution. The University of Texas at Austin. (PhD Thesis)

**Prosperetti, A., Tryggvason, G. (2007)**

Computational Methods for Multi-phase Flow. Cambridge University Press. (Book)

**Quarteroni, A., Sacco, R., Saleri, F. (2007)**

Numerical Mathematics. Springer. (Book)

**Ramberg, R. M. (2007)**

Multi-phase Pump Performance Modelling. NTNU Theses 2007:117. (PhD Thesis)

**Renault, F. (2007)**

A Lagrangian slug XE “slug” capturing scheme for gas-liquid XE “gas-liquid” flows in pipes. Norwegian University of Science and Technology Faculty of Engineering Science and Technology Department of Energy and Process Engineering. (PhD Thesis)

**Shaikh, A., Al-Dahhan, M. H. (2007)**

A Review on Flow Regime Transition in Bubble Columns. Internation Jounrnal of Chemical Reactor Engineering, Vol. 5, Review R1.

**Speich, J. G. (2007)**

Natural Gas

A Basic Handbook. Gulf Publishing Company. (Book)

**Woldesemayat, M. A., Ghajar, A. J. (2007)**

Comparison of void fraction correlations for different flow patterns in horizontal and upward inclined pipes XE “inclined pipes” . International Journal of Multi-phase Flow 33, 347–370.

**Yang, Z. L., Ladam, Y., Laux, H., Danielson, T. J., Goldszal, A., Martins, A. L. (2007)**

Simulation XE “Simulation” of Sand Transport in a Stratified Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Pipe Flow. Proceedings of the BHR Multi-phase Production Technology Conference, Edinburgh, UK.

**Zhong, W. (2007)**

Entropy XE “Entropy” Stable Approximations of Nonlinear Conservation Laws and Related Fluid Equations. Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Maryland, College Park (PhD Thesis)

**Bello, O. O. (2008)**

Modelling Particel Transport in Gas-Oil-Sand Multi-phase Flows and its Applications to Production Operations. Faculty of Energy and Economics Sciences, Clausthal University of Technology. (PhD Thesis)

**Benallal, A., maurel, P., Agassant, J. F., Darbouret, M., Avril, G., Peuriere, E. (2008)**

Wax Deposition in Pipelines

Flow-Loop Experiments and Investigations on a Novel Approach. Society of Petroleum Engineers 115293.

**Boxall, J., Nicholas, J., Koh, C., Sloan, E. D., Turner, D., Talley, L. (2008)**

Hydrate Blockage Potential in an Oil-Dominated System studied using a Four Inch Flow Loop. Proc. 6th International Conf. on Gas Hydrates ICGH 2008, Vancouver, Cananda.

**Boxall, J., Davis, S., Sloan, E. D., Koh, C. (2008)**

Predicting When and Where Hydrate Plugs Form in Oil-Dominated Flow-lines. Offshore Technology Conf. Houston, USA.

**Bratland, O. (2008)**

Update on commercially available flow assurance software tools

What they can and cannot do and how reliable they are. 4th Asian Pipeline Conference & Exposition 2008, Kuala Lumpur.

**Cheng, N. S. (2008)**

Comparison of Formulas for Drag Coefficient and Settling Velocity of Spherical Particles. School of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Nanyang Technological University.

**Correra, S., Fasanoy, AFusiy, L., Primicerioy, M. (2008)**

Modelling Wax Diffusion in Crude Oils

The Cold Finger Device. Journal of Petroleum Technology.

**Datta, A. (2008)**

Process Engineering and Design Using Visual Basic. CRC Press. (Book)

**Dharmaraja, S., Wang, Y., and Strang, G. (2008)**

Optimal Stability for Trapezoidal-Backward Dierence Split-Steps. Department of Mathematics, MIT, Cambridge, USA.

**DOE Award No. DE-FC26-03NT15403 (2008)**

Development of Next Generation Multi-phase Pipe Flow Prediction Tools. Final Report. Office of Fossil Energy, US Deperatment of Energy.

**Edmonds, B., Moorwood, T., Szczepanski, R., Zhang, X. (2008)**

Simulating Wax Deposition in Pipelines for Flow Assurance. Energy & Fuels, 22, 729–741.

**Haoues, L., Olenkhnovitch, A., Teyssedou, A. (2008)**

Numerical Study of the Influence of the Internal Structure of a Horizontal Bubbly Flow on the Average Void Fraction. Nuclear XE “Nuclear” Engineering and Design 239, 147-157.

**Jacobsen, H. A. (2008)**

Chemical Reactor Modeling, Multi-phase Reactive Flows. Springer. (Book)

**Sawant, P., Sihii, M., Mori, M. (2008)**

Droplet Entrainment Correlation in Vertical Upward Co-current Annular Two-Phase Flow. Nuclear XE “Nuclear” Engineering and Design, 238 1342-1352.

**Zaichik, L. I., Alipchenkov, V. M., Sinaiski, E. G. (2008)**

Particles in Turbulent Flows. Wiley-VCH. (Book)

**Al-Safran, E. (2009)**

Investigation and Prediction of Slug Frequency in Gas/Liquid Horizontal Pipe Flow. To be published in J. if Petroleum Sci. and Eng.

**Aspenes, G., Hoyland, S., Barth, T., Askvik, K. M. (2009)**

The Influence of Petroleum Acids and Solid Surface Energy on Pipeline Wettability in relation to Hydrate Deposition. J. of Colloid and Interface Science 333, 533-539.

**Bratland, O (2009)**

Pipe Flow 1 XE “Pipe Flow 1″ , Single-phase Flow Assurance. Available at drbratland.com.

**Carroll, J. (2009)**

Natural Gas Hydrates. A guide for Engineers. Gulf Professional Publishing. (Book)

**Lucas, G.P., Penagiotopulos, N. (2009)**

Oil Volume Fraction and Velocity Profiles in Vertical, Bubbly Oil-In-Water Flows. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, 20, 127-135.

**Piela, K., Delfos, R., Ooms, G., Westerweel, J., Oliemans, R. V. A. (2009)**

Phase Inversion in the Mixing Zone between Water Flow and an Oil Flow through a Pipe. J. Multi-phase Flow 35, 91-95.

**Vargas, F. M., Gonzalez, D. L., Hirasaki, G. J., Chapaman, W. G. (2009)**

Modeling Asphaltene Phase Behavior in Crude Oil Systems Using the Perturbed Chain Form of the Statistical Associating Fluid Theory (PC-SAFT) Equation of State. Energy & Fuels, 23, 1140-1146.